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Homepage: “Illinois – The Great Hall of the Board of Trade Building, Chicago – Scene During a Session of the Board.” Illustration, Frank Leslie’s Illustrated Newspaper, March 27, 1886, 85.

Awards page inset: Mark Geiger and Tad Brown, 2011. Tom Watson Brown Book Award Ceremony, Society of Civil War Historians, Baltimore, MD, September 2011.

Research page inset: The Chicago Board of Trade, 1993. Photograph © Andy Caulfield/Getty Images.

Lectures page inset: Mark Geiger and the Hon. Bob Carr, 2010. Book launch, United States Studies Centre, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia, July 2010. Photograph by Murray Harris.

1. Ten dollar bill, Farmers Bank of Missouri, Lexington, Missouri. Banknote, ca. 1859. Heritage Auctions.

2. Arch Clement, Dave Poole, and Bill Hendricks, Sherman, Texas, New Year’s Day, 1863. Used with permission of the State Historical Society of Missouri.

3. Bingham, George Caleb. “Martial Law or Order No. 11.” Painting, oil on canvas, 1868. Wikimedia commons. Original in Cincinnati Art Museum, Cincinnati, OH.

4. Aguilar, Jose. “Jo Shelby Flag Burial Ceremony.” Painting, oil on canvas, no date. Photograph by Betsy Beasley.

5. Benton, Thomas Hart. “A Social History of the State of Missouri,” mural, 1936. House Lounge, Missouri State Capitol, Jefferson City, Missouri.

6. “A Group on the Stairway of the ‘Long Room,’ at the New York Stock Exchange.” Illustration, Harper’s Weekly, January 12, 1867, 29.

7. “Stock Gambling at ‘Gallagher’s Evening Exchange [New York].’” Illustration, Harper’s Weekly, May 7, 1864, 296.

8. “Illinois – The Great Hall of the Board of Trade Building, Chicago – Scene During a Session of the Board,” (part). Illustration, Frank Leslie’s Illustrated Newspaper, March 27, 1886, 85.

9. The Sydney Stock Exchange, in the Royal Exchange Assurance Building, 1960.   Photographer:  J Tanner.  Series number: A1200; Control symbol: L36492.  National Archives of Australia, Canberra. (accessed January 21, 2014).

10. Buying and selling activity – Sydney Stock Exchange, 1970.  Barcode: 11756752, Series number: A1500.  Control symbol: K26022.  National Archives of Australia, Canberra, Australia. (accessed January 21, 2014).

11. CBOE’s [Chicago Board Options Exchange] first day of trading, April 26, 1973.  (Accessed January 21, 2014).

12. “Moving with the times: The newly-computerised Stock Exchange in 1986.” Illustration, in Chris Parsons, “On This Day: Women allowed into London Stock Exchange for first time,” British Pathé, March 25, 2013. (Accessed January 21, 2014).

13. New York Stock Exchange trading floor on Wall Street, New York, New York. Creator(s): Highsmith, Carol M., photographer.  Date Created/Published: [between 1980 and 2006].  Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA (Accessed January 21, 2014).

14. Missouri River looking east from Glasgow. Mo-River.Net – Boonslick Missouri Area Information Network. (Accessed February 21, 2014).

15. Bingham, George Caleb. “Fur Traders Descending the Missouri.” Painting, oil on canvas, 1845. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.

16. Palmer, Frances Flora Bond. “‘Rounding a Bend’ on the Mississippi: The Parting Salute.” Chromolithograph, Currier & Ives, New York, New York, ca. 1856-76. Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. (Accessed February 17, 2014).

17. Schmidt, Maximilian. “Looking West on the Missouri River from Haas Landing.” Photograph, ca. 1904. Collection of Mark W. Geiger.

18. Morgan Stanley trading room, Westchester County, NY.  Photograph, 2014. Plaza Construction online portfolio. (Accessed January 22, 2014).

19. The Tokyo Stock Exchange Arrow trading room.  Photograph, no date. commons.wikimedia.org/ (Accessed January 21, 2014).

20. La Roche, Julia. “Check Out The New Trading Floor Coming Next Year To The NYSE.”  Photograph, 2013. Image from NYSE/Euronext, reproduced in Business Insider, April 12, 2013. (Accessed January 21, 2014).

21. Trading floor, Deutsche Boerse. Photograph, after 2008 renovation. commons.wikimedia.org/ (Accessed January 21, 2014).

22. Figure 3: Network diagram of linear Granger-causality relationships that are statistically significant at the 5% level among the monthly returns of the 25 largest (in terms of average AUM) banks, broker/dealers, insurers, and hedge funds over January 2006 to December 2008,” in Billio, Monica Andrew W. Lo, Mila Getmansky, and Loriana Pelizzon, “Econometric Measures of Connectedness and Systemic Risk in the Finance and Insurance Sectors, (November 1, 2011). University Ca’ Foscari of Venice, Dept. of Economics Research Paper Series No. 21; MIT Sloan Research Paper No. 4774-10; AFA 2011 Denver Meetings Paper; CAREFIN Research Paper No. 12/2010 (accessed January 22, 2014).

23. Screen shot, “Flash Crash, May 06, 2010.  Market Dropped 10% and Then Recovered,” Nanex, LLC, posted April 26, 2013 (accessed January 22, 2014).

24. “Prices for eQIHU on 04/03/2012, Elapsed Time:  9 Seconds, 500 Milliseconds – Total Quotes:  1,717 Total Trades: 416,” Nanex, LLC (accessed January 22, 2014).

25. Screen shot, “Nanex ~ Order Routing Animation ~ 02-May-2013 ~ JNJ,” Nanex, LLC.  Uploaded May 3, 2013.  (Accessed January 22, 2014).

26. Bingham, George Caleb. “Canvassing for a Vote.” Painting, oil on canvas, 1852. Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, Kansas City, Missouri. (Accessed February 17, 2014).

27. Geary, Fred. “The Hay Wagon.” Woodcut, 1935. Used with permission of the State Historical Society of Missouri.

28. Benton, Thomas Hart. “Cradling Wheat.” Tempera and oil on board, 1938. St. Louis Art Museum, St. Louis, Missouri. © T.H. Benton and R.P. Benton Testamentary Trusts/UMB Bank Trustee/Licensed by VAGA, New York, NY vagarights.com.

29. Bingham, George Caleb. “Forest Hill, the Thomas Nelson House [Boonville, Missouri].” Painting, oil on canvas, 1877. Utah Museum of Fine Arts, Salt Lake City, Utah. (Accessed February 17, 2014).

30. Geary, Fred. “Plantation Home.” Woodcut, 1945. Used with permission of the State Historical Society of Missouri.